Climate Change / Position Statements
Tens of thousands of teachers around the country have received an unsolicited package from the Heartland Institute that includes a booklet, Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming: the NIPCC Report on Scientific Consensus, and a DVD, History of Climate Change in Greenland. The package looks official with the NIPCC's seal in the upper left corner. The deceptive marketing is intended to take advantage of many teachers' unfamiliarity with climate science. Note: This booklet and DVD was originally distributed around March 2017. However, the DVD is still available for purchase.
The letter accompanying the contents encourages teachers to question the degree to which the science of climate change is settled. Questioning is is good. Questioning drives science forward and we should encourage it. However, the evidence we use to support the answers to our questions should come from high quality, peer-reviewed, scientific research.
The National Earth Science Teachers Association's position is that:
Throughout the booklet and DVD, the authors attempt to compare their organization, NIPCC, with the IPCC. Even the acronym, NIPCC is intentionally meant to be deceptive. The two organizations are vastly different. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an international body of scientists established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988 to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts. The Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) is a much smaller group of scientists and scholars whose members do not believe climate change is caused by human greenhouse gas emissions. The NIPCC is funded by the Heartland Institute.
The NIPCC's booklet and DVD argue against human-induced climate change with misinformation that misrepresents scientific findings and data analyses. The booklet, Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming: the NIPCC Report on Scientific Consensus is filled with citations, placing blogs on an equal footing with peer-reviewed science articles. The authors frequently cite their own works, of which many have not been peer-reviewed.
The DVD, History of Climate Change in Greenland, gives a historical account of Viking settlements in Greenland explaining the warming and cooling of Greenland's climate to be the result of natural solar variation. While variations in the amount of solar radiation received on Earth have caused past climate changes, these variations do not account for the current changes in Earth's temperature. One misleading example is an animation designed to manipulate the CO2 and temperature records of the Vostok ice core, making it appear that temperature always increased first, followed by an increase in CO2 which is not what the actual data show.
According to their own website, the Heartland Institute is a public policy conservative think tank based in Illinois that works to reduce taxes and government spending, expand school choice by providing public school funds to faith-based schools, eliminate the Common Core and the NGSS, eliminate medicare and medicaid, fight regulations on tobacco and alcohol, and promote hydraulic fracturing on public lands and in communities that don't want it.
Science is not a set of beliefs. Science is a way of thinking and understanding the world around us based on evidence. The amount of evidence supporting human-induced climate change is vast. Despite the Heartland Institute's claim to the contrary, scientists agree on climate change. NESTA encourages all teachers to conduct their own research by reading articles and examining the data from NOAA, NASA, and other reputable science organizations that are creating resources for teachers to use in the classroom.
Here are some responses and position statements from other organizations:NSTA responded with this letter. If you received the unsolicited materials from the Heartland Institute, they encourage you to send them in for recycling. In return, you can receive access to NSTA's e-book, Ocean's Effect on Weather and Climate.
The National Center for Science Education, NCSE, released three flyers addressing the Heartland Institute's recent mailing.
The National Association of Geoscience Teachers' Position Statement on Teaching Climate Science
The American Geophysical Union's position statement on climate change entitled Human-Induced Climate Change Requires Urgent Action
The American Meteorological Society has published two statements on climate change and the teaching of climate change (the first is a current statement, the second is a retired statement): 1) Policy Statement: Climate Science is Core to Science Education and 2) Information Statement: Climate Change
The Geological Society of America's Position Statement on Climate Change